Etymology and Geography
Rajanpur District derives its name from the town of Rajanpur which was founded by Makhdoom Sheikh Rajan Shah about 1770. Rajanpur District was carved out from Dera Ghazi Khan District in 1982. Rajanpur is situated on the right bank (west side) of River Indus. It is bounded on the north by Dera Ghazi Khan District, to the west by Dera Bugti district of Balochistan, to the east by Muzaffargarh and Rahim Yar Khan districts, in the south lies Kashmire District of Sindh Province. The Suleiman Mountains rise to the west of the district.
Following are the demographics of the Rajanpur district, by spoken language:
- Punjab province local people different dialects: 90%
- Other: 10%
Inhabitants of Rajan pur District speak a great variety of Punjabi dialects, although few of these dialects are called as separate language “Saraiki”, but because of good and loving nature of people there is no distinction or hate among different dialects and have a mix culture of Great (North and South) Punjab.
- Derawali (Mainly)
- Punjabi dialects or standard (Sizeable population in cities also in newly cultivated areas)
- Raangri (A mixture of Rajasthani, Urdu and Punjabi spoken by sizeable population in cities)
- Riyasti (Border areas near Rahimyar khan district)
- Thalochi (Border areas near Muzaffargarh district)
Other Languages include
- Urdu is mother tongue of few people but being national language is spoken and understood by the sizeable population
- English is also understood and spoken by the educated elite
- Saraiki is mainly spoken by sizeable population in the district
- Baluchi is also spoken by sizeable population in the district
- Sindhi is also spoken by few population in the Sindh province border areas
The Vedic period is characterized by Indo-Aryan culture that invaded from Central Asia and settled in Punjab region. The Kambojas, Daradas, Kaikayas, Madras, Pauravas, Yaudheyas, Malavas and Kurus invaded, settled and ruled ancient Punjab region. After overrunning the Achaemenid Empire in 331 BCE, Alexander marched into present-day Punjab region with an army of 50,000. The Rajanpur was ruled by Maurya Empire, Indo-Greek kingdom, Kushan Empire, Gupta Empire, White Huns, Kushano-Hephthalites and Shahi kingdoms.
In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquests of Punjab region. The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. The Punjab region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of Punjab region.
After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikh Empire invaded and occupied Rajanpur District. The Muslims faced restrictions during the Sikh rule. During the period of British rule, Rajanpur district increased in population and importance.
The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslim refugees from India settled in the Rajanpur District.
Agriculture in Rajanpur depends solely upon canal irrigation since rainfall is negligible in the region. The five rivers of the Punjab meet at the locality of Wang near Mithankot; hence these rivers provide water for irrigation as well as for domestic usage. Rainfall occurs during the monsoon season (July–September). Occasional heavy rainfall causes flooding in this region, but such floods are rare. In Rajanpur, flood waters come from the Kah Sultan and Shacher torrents (rivulets), as well as the Indus.
Rajanpur district is famous for cotton and sugarcane crop, although they are cultivating wheat and rice as well and tobacco to very little extent too.
The agriculture of Rajanpur depends upon canal irrigation in some areas of Rajanpur peoples drinking canal water in these areas Pachad include.
Rajan Pur is a District of Punjab. It is located in southern Punjab. The total population of this district is 1522511. As a city, Rajan Pur is a clean with wide Streets & good sanitation system. It consists of three tehsils namely Rohjan Mazari, Jam pur, Fazil Pur.
In August due to the heavy rains flash floods started. Peshawar and Rajan Pur districts were badly affected by these flash floods. In Rajan Pur flood water came from Kah Sultan and Shacher torrent (rivulet). This flood water hit the different union councils of Rajan Pur. Hundreds of houses damaged fully and partially and inhabitants sitting under open sky. The displaced people have sought shelter in streets and other public buildings in and around their chaks (villages).
Rajanpur is the headquarters of Rajanpur District and Tehsil, is located in the extreme southwest part of Punjab, Pakistan (29:06N, 70:19E) with a geographical span of 12,319 km2. It is one of the only two districts of Punjab located west of the Indus River. The land is sandwiched by river Indus on one side, while the Suleiman mountains range on the other. According to the National Census Report 1998, it had a population of 1,103,618 of which 14.27% were urban. Under the local administrative break up, whole district is divided into three Tehsils and 43 Union Councils (UCs).
Map of District Rajanpur
Mithankot is the shrine of the great Sufi Saraiki poet Hazrat Khawaja Ghulam Farid is the historical place in Kot Mithan. Thousands of his disciples come to Rajanpur every year on the anniversary of Hazrat Khawaja Ghulam Farid.
Hajipur is the shrine of the great Sufi Hazrat Khawaja Noor Muhammad Narowala is the historical place in Hajipur. Thousands of his disciples come to Rajanpur every year on the anniversary of Hazrat Khawaja Noor Muhammad Narowala.
Fazilpur is the shrine of the great Peer/Sufi Hazrat Chan Charagh Shah Sain a.k.a. Ghorrey Shah Sain is the historical place in Fazilpur.Fazilpur is situated in the center (heart) of District Rajanpur. And its importance in district Rajanpur is like heart in every field specially politics. Major cost living in Fazilpur are Gopang, Mastoi, Mohajir (usifzai, sherwani, Lodhi, Qureshi), Dreshak, Korai, Thaheem, Bhati and Zargar (Sunara).
This fort, built in British era, is situated in the tribal area of Rajanpur.
Lalgarh is situated in the foot-hills of Suleman Range Mountains. It is HQ of Gorchani tribe. It is a small village having a population of about 3000 inhabitants. Government offices include a Police Station, a Higher Secondary School, a Girls Middle School, a Civil Dispensary, a Veterinary Dispensary, a Telephone Exchange & NADRA office.
Chatool is a small village. Chatool is the shrine of the great Sufi Hazrat Ameer Hamza Sultan is the historical place in Chatool, Lalgarh, Tehsil Jampur. Thousands of his disciples come to Rajanpur every year on the anniversary of Hazrat Ameer Hamza Sultan.
Marri is the resort Hill Station in Rajanpur similar to Muree. Its Altitude Is 4800 ft Cold Weather In Summer. Dragal mountain is an altitude of 5400 feet.
Ada Chiragh Shah
It is situated on Indus highway. There is a shrine of Baba Chiragh Shah, a Sufi peer.